Mr. Anisul Islam Mahmud was born in 1947 in an illustrious family of Chittagong. His father was Serajul Islam Mahmud and Mother was Sajeda Begum Chowdhury. His paternal grandfather was Khan Shaheb Abdul Halim Chowdhury and his maternal grandfather was Dr. Md. Sanaulla, Bar-at-Law, PhD.
Mr. Mahmud obtained his B.A. (Honours) in Economics from Dhaka University in 1969 and M.Sc. in Economics from Quaide Azam University in Karachi. Mr. Mahmud received a Commonwealth Scholarship to study at the Essex University, UK, and received an MA in Economics from there in 1972. He was called to the Bar from Lincolns Inn, London, UK in 1975.
Mr. Mahmud was a Lecturer of Economics at the Hertfordshire University (UK) from 1973 to 1977. He was a Senior Research Associate in the Economics Department at the East Anglia University in the UK from 1972 to 1973. He served as a Lecturer of Economics at Dhaka University from 1969 to 1970.
Mr. Mahmud has been elected as a Member of Parliament from 282 Chittagong-05 constituencies in the 10th National Parliamentary Election in 2014. He took oath as a Cabinet Minister on the 12th January 2014 and has been awarded the portfolio of the Ministry of Water Resources, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
He was also elected to the Bangladesh National Parliament (Bangladesh Jatiya Sangsad) in 1979, 1986, 1988 and 2008. As a Member of the Parliament of 9th National Parliamentary Election, he served as the Chairman of the Parliamentary Standing Committee for Expatriates Welfare & Overseas Employment.
Moreover, Mr. Mahmud served as a Cabinet Minister from 1984 to 1990. Mr. Mahmud served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs between 1988 and 1990. Prior to that he served as the Minister of Education in 1988 and held the additional charge of the Ministry of Irrigation, Water Development and Flood Control. He was the Minister of Irrigation, Water Development and Flood Control from 1985 to 1988. During this period he also briefly held the charge of the Ministry of Information. He served as the Minister of Labour and Manpower in 1985.
Mr. Mahmud was the President of the Bangladesh Cricket Control Board from 1989 to 1990. He was also the President of Bangladesh Flying Club Ltd. from 1987 to 1990.